Episode 100: Florida in the House!

Tina and Hillary cover the Night of Terror and forced sterilization in the United States.

Tina’s Story
In 1917, women were still fighting for the right to vote. BUT, when a peaceful protest at the White House ends in arrest, the women face a different kind of struggle.

Hillary’s Story
The racist theory of Eugenics gained a foothold in the United States beginning in the mid-19th century. BUT, when doctors attempted to put theory to practice, it resulted in one of the most horrific attacks on the country’s most marginalized women.

Tina's Story
Teen Vogue
Women's Suffrage Leaders Left Out Black Women--by Evette Dionne

The Washington Post
Women’s suffrage and the Black women left out

How History Classes on the Women’s Suffrage Movement Leave Out the Work of Black Voting Rights Activists--by Olivia Waxman

Women’s Suffrage
15th Amendment

The Washington Post
'Night of Terror': The suffragists who were beaten and tortured for seeking the vote--by Terence McArdle

The Night of Terror: When Suffragists Were Imprisoned and Tortured in 1917--by Sarah Pruitt

Library of Congress
The Night of Terror Affadavit

Blackbird Archive from Virginia Commonwealth University
Silent Sentinels and the Night of Terror

National Park Service
Suffrage in 60 Seconds: The Night of Terror
Occoquan Workhouse

Silent Sentinels

The New York Times
HOUSE MOVES FOR . WOMAN SUFFRAGE; Adopts by 181 to 107 Rule to Create a Committee to Deal with the Subject. DEBATE A HEATED ONE Annoyance of President by Pickets at White House Denounced as "Outlawry."

Zinn Education Project
Nov. 15, 1917: Suffragists Beaten and Tortured in the “Night of Terror”

A Mighty Girl
On This Day in 1917, Women Were Beaten and Tortured for the Right to Vote

Arlington Public Library
This Week in 19th Amendment History: The Night of Terror

Smithsonian Magazine
Radical Protests Propelled the Suffrage Movement. Here’s How a New Museum Captures That History

Queen City Nerve
‘The Night of Terror’ Leads to Women’s Suffrage--by Rhiannon Fionn

Oregon Secretary of State
Silent Sentinels Picket the White House--by Shemia Fagan

The Source from The Washington University in St. Louis
Of prison cells and suffrage

Ms. Magazine
Today in Feminist History: A Night of Terror in the Infamous Occoquan Workhouse (November 14, 1917)--by David M. Dismore

Los Angeles Times
In 1917, the ‘Night of Terror’ at a Virginia prison changed history. Now it’s a site of beauty--by Catharine Hamm

History Hustle
The Suffragists’ ‘Night of Terror’ At Occoquan--by Megan Hamilton

Silent Sentinels Picketing the White House--Library of Congress via Public Domain
Lucy Burns at Occoquan Workhouse--via Blackbird Archive (Public Domain)
Arrest of Suffragists--via Blackbird Archive (Public Domain)

Hillary's Story
Eugenics in the United States
Compulsory sterilization

The Washington Post
ICE is accused of sterilizing detainees. That echoes the U.S.'s long history of forced sterilizations--by Steven Moore

University of Vermont
Eugenics: Compulsory Sterilization in 50 American States--by Lutz Kaelber

Berkeley Political Review
America’s Forgotten History of Forced Sterilization--BY SANJANA MANJESHWAR

PBS South Florida

The Supreme Court Ruling That Led To 70,000 Forced Sterilizations

Michigan Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation
Forced sterilization policies in the US targeted minorities and those with disabilities – and lasted into the 21st century

Eugenical Sterilization Map of the United States--from The Harry H. Laughlin Papers, Truman State University
Eugenics Demonstration--via WISCONSIN HISTORICAL SOCIETY
Registering Human Pedigree Article--via Popular Science magazine, 1923